3D fabrics are the focus of rapid development due to their versatilephysical, structural attributes and application scopes. These fabrics can beproduced in various architectures which offers a great deal of opportunity tomodify the weight, aesthetics, properties and cost of the various products. 3Dfabrics have wide methods in terms of manufacturing. This paper willdiscuss about various manufacturing techniques for 3D fabric and theirpotential end uses in the market.


Three dimensionally woven textiles are not only beautiful, but they also have the potential to change the way aircraft and other complex structures are built. Different authors define 3D fabrics in different ways. Greenwood 3D fabrics are those fabrics which have substantial measurement in three dimensions as compared tithe conventional fabrics, which will have measurement in two dimensions only. According to Khokar 3D fabric is defined as a single-fabric system the constituent yarns of which are supposedly disposed in a three mutually perpendicular plane relationship; this definition doesn’t consider multilayer and some other type of fabrics tube of 3D type. Hearle gives definition of 3D fabrics as 3D fabrics are thick planar sheets or shaped solid forms with multiple layers of yarns, hollow structure sand thin 3D shells.

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